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Primavera: 21 Mar. Verano: 22 Jun. Invierno: 19 Dic. Primavera: 23 Sep. Verano: 19 Dic. Invierno: 22 Jun. Usos decorativos: 2.
En algunas clasificaciones recientes la familia ha sido dividida en otras varias: Boraginaceae s. En algunas especies, la antocianina es la causante de que el color de las flores cambie del rojo al al azul con la edad.
Hay aproximadamente 5. Se estima que hay millones de insectos por cada ser humano. Se calcula que hay 1. In an attempt at reform, Eritrean government officials and NGO representatives in participated in many public meetings and dialogues.
In these sessions they answered questions as fundamental as, "What are human rights? They cite health concerns and individual freedom as being of primary concern when they say this.
Furthermore, they implore rural peoples to cast away this ancient cultural practice. The group consists of ordinary citizens and some people close to the government.
In July , UN ambassadors of 37 countries, including Eritrea, have signed a joint letter to the UNHRC defending China's treatment of Uyghurs and other Muslim minority groups in the Xinjiang region.
In its Press Freedom Index, Reporters Without Borders ranked the media environment in Eritrea at the bottom of a list of countries.
Not a single [foreign correspondent] now lives in Asmara. Eritrea has achieved significant improvements in health care and is one of the few countries to be on target to meet its Millennium Development Goals MDG for health, in particular child health.
The World Health Organisation WHO in found average life expectancy to be slightly less than 63 years, a number that has increased to However, Eritrea still faces many challenges.
Although the number of physicians increased from only 0. There are five levels of education in Eritrea: pre-primary , primary , middle , secondary , and post-secondary.
There are nearly 1,, students in the primary, middle, and secondary levels of education. Education in Eritrea is officially compulsory for children aged 6 to 13 years.
Student-teacher ratios are high: at the elementary level and at the secondary level. Class sizes average 63 and 97 students per classroom at the elementary and secondary school levels, respectively.
Learning hours at school are often less than six hours per day. Barriers to education in Eritrea include traditional taboos , school fees for registration and materials , and the opportunity costs of low-income households.
The Eritrea Institute of Technology "EIT" is a technological institute located near the town Himbrti, Mai Nefhi outside Asmara.
The institute has three colleges: Science , Engineering and Technology , and Education. The institute began with about 5, students during the academic year.
The EIT was opened after the University of Asmara was reorganized. According to the Ministry of Education, the institution was established, as one of many efforts to achieve equal distribution of higher learning in areas outside the capital city, Asmara.
Accordingly, several similar colleges are also established in different other parts of the country. The Eritrea Institute of Technology is the main local institute of higher studies in science, engineering and education.
The University of Asmara is the oldest University in the country and was opened in One of the most recognizable parts of Eritrean culture is the coffee ceremony.
During the coffee ceremony, there are traditions that are upheld. The coffee is served in three rounds: the first brew or round is called awel in Tigrinya meaning "first" , the second round is called kalaay meaning "second" , and the third round is called bereka meaning "to be blessed".
Traditional Eritrean attire is quite varied among the ethnic groups of Eritrea. In the larger cities, most people dress in Western casual dress such as jeans and shirts.
In offices, both men and women often dress in suits. A common traditional clothing for Christian Tigrinya highlanders consists of bright white gowns called zurias for the women, and a white shirt accompanied by white pants for the men.
In Muslim communities in the Eritrean lowland, the women traditionally dress in brightly colored clothes. Besides convergent culinary tastes, Eritreans share an appreciation for similar music and lyrics, jewelry and fragrances, and tapestry and fabrics as many other populations in the region.
A typical traditional Eritrean dish consists of injera accompanied by a spicy stew, which frequently includes beef, chicken, lamb or fish.
They likewise tend to employ less seasoned butter and spices and more tomatoes , as in the tsebhi dorho delicacy. Additionally, owing to its colonial history, cuisine in Eritrea features more Italian influences than are present in Ethiopian cooking, including more pasta and greater use of curry powders and cumin.
The Italian Eritrean cuisine started to be practiced during the colonial times of the Kingdom of Italy , when a large number of Italians moved to Eritrea.
They brought the use of pasta to Italian Eritrea , and it is one of the main food eaten in present-day Asmara.
An Italian Eritrean cuisine emerged, and common dishes are 'Pasta al Sugo e Berbere', which means "Pasta with tomato sauce and berbere" spice , but there are many more like lasagna and "cotoletta alla milanese" milano cutlet.
In addition to coffee, local alcoholic beverages are enjoyed. These include sowa , a bitter drink made from fermented barley, and mies , a fermented honey wine.
Eritrea's ethnic groups each have their own styles of music and accompanying dances. Amongst the Tigrinya, the best known traditional musical genre is the guaila.
A popular Eritrean artist is the Tigrinya singer Helen Meles , who is noted for her powerful voice and wide singing range. Football and cycling are the most popular sports in Eritrea.
Cycling has a long tradition in Eritrea and was first introduced during the colonial period. The Tour of Eritrea , a multi-stage cycling event, is held annually since throughout the country.
The national cycling teams of both men and women are ranked first on the African continent, and Eritrea is ranked among the best cycling nations in the world.
The Eritrea national cycling team has experienced a lot of success, winning the African continental cycling championship several years in a row.
In , the women's team won the gold medal in the African Continental Cycling Championships for the first time, and for the second time in and third time in The men's team have won gold 7 times in the last 9 years in the African continental cycling championships, between and More than six Eritrean riders have signed professional contracts to international cycling teams, including Natnael Berhane and Daniel Teklehaimanot.
Teklehaimanot and fellow Eritrean Merhawi Kudus became the first black cyclists from Africa to compete in the Tour de France , when they were selected by the MTN—Qhubeka team for the edition of the race.
Eritrean athletes have also seen increasing success in the international arena in other sports. Zersenay Tadese , an Eritrean athlete, formerly held the world record in the half marathon.
Eritrea's team was represented by their flagbearer Shannon-Ogbnai Abeda who competed as alpine skier.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Eritrea disambiguation and Eritrean disambiguation. For other uses, see Erythrean disambiguation.
Not to be confused with Eretria. Country in Eastern Africa. This article needs to be updated. The reason given is: Five- to ten-year-old data in several sections needs attention..
Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
November Show globe. Show map of Africa. Tigrinya Beja Tigre Kunama Saho Bilen Nara Afar. Tigrinya English Arabic . Italian  . Main article: History of Eritrea.
Neolithic rock art in a Qohaito canyon cave. Pre-Axumite monolithic columns in Qohaito. Main article: Kingdom of Aksum. Main articles: Medri Bahri , Habesh Eyalet , and Sultanate of Aussa.
Main article: Italian Eritrea. Main article: Federation of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Main articles: Eritrean War of Independence and Flag of Eritrea.
Main article: Geography of Eritrea. Main article: Wildlife of Eritrea. See also: List of mammals in Eritrea and List of birds of Eritrea.
Main article: Politics of Eritrea. Main article: Elections in Eritrea. Main article: Foreign relations of Eritrea. See also: Eritrea—Ethiopia relations and Eritrean—Ethiopian War.
Further information: Eritrean War of Independence and Eritrean independence referendum, Main articles: Regions of Eritrea and Districts of Eritrea.
Largest cities or towns in Eritrea Geonames. Main article: Transport in Eritrea. Main article: Economy of Eritrea.
Main article: Demographics of Eritrea. Main article: Languages of Eritrea. Main article: Religion in Eritrea. Religion Percent Christianity.
The 15th century Sheikh Hanafi Mosque in Massawa. Some buildings included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site list for Asmara:. Villa Roma, Italian embassy.
Hotel Albergo Italia, built The hotel is one of the oldest hotels in Asmara. Main article: Human rights in Eritrea.
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